My A to Z theme is fencing and swordplay, focusing mainly on fencing terminology, but with a few favorite movie fencing moments thrown into the mix too. Why: I love fencing and swordplay!
E is for Epee: One of the three competition weapons in the U.S.F.A. and Olympics. a fencing weapon with triangular cross-section blade and a large bell guard; also a light duelling sword of similar design, popular in the mid-19th century; epee de terrain; dueling sword.
The target area for each weapon is different. The Epee target area is the entire body from head to toe with the exception of the back of the head and the back of the neck. The Epee is a point weapon where touches/points are counted when the tip of the weapon hits the opponents' target area.
The three competition weapons and those who fence with them have a tendency to draw stereotypes in personalities and manners. Epee fencers are often seen as graceful, ultra polite, quiet, and reserved.
(I never fenced Epee, but my coach and his youngest daughter did)
Four other "E" Fencing terms:
Electrics are used for competition, and the fencers do not get electric shocks from them. They make it slightly easier for the directors (referees) to judge the competition.
A wire from a box is plugged into a "body wire" that the fencer wears inside their jacket and running down their sleeve (on their blade side), which then plugs into the "electric" fencing blade with has a sensor on the tip. When the tip is depressed, a signal runs through the wires back to the box, which is also attached to a center box that lights up and lets the judge know who hit first.
Of course, if you're in the Olympics, they have cordless electrics - way cooler.
Why are electrics useful? Competition fencing moves fast.
Why is the director still needed? A fencer, even if they hit first, does not always get awarded the point. The point is awarded to the fencer who has "right-of-way" and hits their opponent. The sensor helps the judge know if the "right-of-way" fencer actually made the touch.
We'll get to "right of way" with "R" . . . trust me, it's an interesting concept, and one that fencers love to argue over before, during, and after competitions.